Khepri: The Scarab God

Khepri, the scarab god, is the patron of the sun, creation, life, and resurrection. He appears in many different forms. He is sometimes shown as a man with a scarab for a head, a scarab, or a man with a scarab as a crown.  Khepri was principally depicted as a whole scarab beetle, though in some tomb paintings and funerary papyri he is represented as a human male with a scarab as a head. He is also depicted as a scarab in a solar barque held aloft by Nun. When represented as a scarab beetle, he was typically depicted pushing the sun across the sky every day, as well as rolling it safely through the Egyptian underworld every night.  His symbols are the scarab beetle and the blue lotus.  Khepri is associated with the dung beetle, or scarab (also known as a kheper), whose behavior of maintaining spherical balls of dung represents the forces which move the sun. Khepri is the son of Nun the ocean goddess and brother of Ra and Atum. Khepri’s temple is located in Heliopolis, Egypt.

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